Smart objects can be packaging, work pieces or even objects in every household.
They have a digital memory in the form of a data storage device. This enables the connection of objects – which are in the physical “real” world – with the digital world of the Internet.
A prerequisite for this is the unambiguous identifiability of these objects. This is done, for example, with the help of barcodes (as in supermarkets), RFID, NFC, or iBeacon, which are recorded by scanners and computers.
It is now possible for an entire house to be smartly connected to the Internet – and for example, the windows to close without human intervention when it rains or the heating to be turned down when no one is at home.
The technology of smart objects is currently experiencing the greatest significance in the “digital transformation” of entire factories and workshops.
There is talk of Industry 4.0, the digital factory and “individualization” of production
Under the term Industry 4.0 hopes and challenges for production, products, services and business models of the future are gathered. One goal of Industry 4.0 is to increase the flexibility of production in such a way that the customer receives an individually configured product if required.
This can be well described with a factory for pain tablets. The drugs are mass produced, but for each customer a different composition of the active ingredients is indeed correct. In a digitally controlled factory, smart production knows which tablets are produced for which customer and mixes the composition differently accordingly. Despite the mass production, there are tailor-made individual pieces for the consumer.
The production is “individualized” – the customer gets a unique product, even though it is from mass production.
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